Production Setup with Gunicorn, Nginx, and Supervisor

Production setup of the Kegbot server consists of the following components:

  • Nginx (public facing web server)
  • Gunicorn (internal HTTP application server)
  • supervisord (process control and monitor)

This chapter will guide you though running these two components.

Note

It is possible to use other components in place of the ones recommended here; you’ll need to figure out those steps yourself.

Gunicorn

Starting with version 0.9.4, Gunicorn is automatically installed with Kegbot Server. You can test it with the built-in command, run_gunicorn:

(kb) $ kegbot run_gunicorn --debug

If this works, you’re ready to fire up nginx.

Nginx

Install Nginx

Nginx is a fast and flexible HTTP server written in C. You can install it with the nginx package on Ubuntu:

$ sudo apt-get install nginx

After nginx is installed and started, a default HTTP server will be running on port 80.

Create Kegbot nginx config

Kegbot includes a sample nginx configuration file in the deploy/ directory which needs to be tailored to your setup. The contents are also included below:

# Kegbot nginx.conf file
#
# Instructions:
#   - Replace "kegbot.example.com" with your external host name
#   - Replace "/data/kegbot/www/media" with the path you configured for
#     MEDIA_ROOT
#   - Replace "/data/kegbot/www/static" with the path you configured for
#     STATIC_ROOT
#   - Replace "/data/kegbot/www" with that parent directory name.
#   - Replace ":8000" with the port number of the Kegbot application server, if
#     changed.

upstream kegbot {
  server 127.0.0.1:8000;
}

server {
  listen 80;
  tcp_nopush on;
  tcp_nodelay on;

  gzip on;
  gzip_disable "msie6";
  gzip_types text/plain text/css application/x-javascript text/xml application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript;
  gzip_vary on;

  keepalive_timeout 0;
  client_max_body_size 10m;

  location / {
    proxy_redirect      off;
    proxy_set_header    Host                    $host:$server_port;
    proxy_set_header    X-Real-IP               $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-For         $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-Protocol    $scheme;
    proxy_pass          http://kegbot;
  }

  location /media/ {
    alias           /data/kegbot/www/media/;
    access_log      off;
    log_not_found   off;
    expires         7d;
    add_header      pragma public;
    add_header      cache-control "public";
  }

  location /static/ {
    alias           /data/kegbot/www/static/;
    access_log      off;
    log_not_found   off;
    expires         7d;
    add_header      pragma public;
    add_header      cache-control "public";
  }

  location /robots.txt {
    root            /data/kegbot/www/static/;
    access_log      off;
    log_not_found   off;
  }

  location /favicon.ico {
    root            /data/kegbot/www/static/;
    access_log      off;
    log_not_found   off;
  }

}

Create a copy of this file, editing the paths noted in the comments at the top. Finally, install it:

$ sudo cp kegbot-nginx.conf /etc/nginx/sites-available/
$ sudo rm /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
$ sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/kegbot-nginx.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
$ sudo service nginx restart

supervisord

Install supervisor using apt-get:

$ sudo apt-get install supervisor

Supervisor manages programs according to its configuration files. Once again, there is a template in the deploy/ directory:

# Supervisor configuration for Kegbot server.
#
# Instructions:
#   - Replace "/data/kegbot/kb/bin" with the installed path of the kegbot
#     programs.
#   - Replace "user=ubuntu" with the username you wish to run the programs.
#   - Edit paths.
#   - Copy to /etc/supervisor/conf.d/kegbot.conf

[group:kegbot]
programs=gunicorn,workers

[program:gunicorn]
command=/data/kegbot/kb/bin/gunicorn pykeg.web.wsgi:application -w 3
directory=/data/kegbot
user=ubuntu
autostart=true
autorestart=true
redirect_stderr=true

[program:workers]
command=/data/kegbot/kb/bin/kegbot run_workers
directory=/data/kegbot
stopasgroup=true
user=ubuntu
autostart=true
autorestart=true
redirect_stderr=true

Make a copy of this file, editing the fields as noted, and install it:

$ sudo cp kegbot-supervisor.conf /etc/supervisor/conf.d/kegbot.conf

Restart supervisor so that it reads the Kegbot config:

$ sudo service supervisor restart

Finally, launch the web server and workers:

$ sudo supervisorctl start kegbot:gunicorn
$ sudo supervisorctl start kegbot:workers

Next: Extras and Add-Ons
Previous: Run Kegbot Server

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